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> China > 政治家 > Communist Party of China (CPC) > Wang Qishan
王岐山  王岐山 
王岐山 
中国共产党中央纪律检查委员会书记 | The Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the Vice Premier of the PRC.
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候选人简介: 

王岐山

中文简介:

 

王岐山(1948年7月),祖籍中国山西天镇,生于青岛;现任中国共产党及中华人民共和国主要领导人之一,第十八届中央政治局常务委员会委员(位列第六)。

 

王岐山毕业于西北大学,高级经济师。1983年2月加入中国共产党,曾是中共第十五届中央候补委员,第十六至十八届中央委员,第十七、十八届中央政治局委员,第十八届中央政治局常委(位列第六)、中国共产党中央纪律检查委员会书记,中华人民共和国国务院副总理,清华大学经济管理学院研究生部兼职教授。

 

从政之路

在其后的六年里,王岐山一直都在中共中央农村政策研究部门,充当幕僚的角色;历任农村政策研究室正局级研究员,国务院农村发展研究中心联络室主任,全国农村改革试验区办公室主任、发展研究所所长等职。

 

1988年,王岐山开始获得重用;先是被任命为「中国农业信托投资公司」总经理;一年后,转任中国人民建设银行副行长;1993年6月,出任中国人民银行副行长;1994年,出任中国建设银行行长、党组书记。在此期间,王岐山推动建行和摩根士丹利合作,成立了中国第一家合资投资银行——中国国际金融有限公司,並兼任董事长职务。1997年底,王岐山转调地方任职;出任中共广东省委常委,广东省副省长。在亚洲金融风暴的影响下,当时广东的银行不良贷款比率达50%;王岐山去广东,主要是协助省委书记李长春处理广信、粤海等国有企业资不抵债的事件。王岐山以金融专家身份出任这一职务,并逐渐为公众所知。

 

2000年年底,王岐山回到中央,出任国务院经济体制改革办公室主任;两年后,被调往海南,出任中共海南省委书记、兼省人大常委会主任。在海南期间,他又担负着处理海南房地产泡沫破裂后遗留下来的“难题”;并为海南确立了“生态立省”的工作方针。在2003年2月的一次工作会议上,王岐山提出“要把海南建成全国人民的度假村和中华民族的四季花园”的目标。

 

SARS爆发期间,前任北京市长孟学农和前卫生部长张文康因防疫不力、瞒报疫情而被免职。在海南工作仅五个月的王岐山临危受命,出任中共北京市委副书记、副市長、代市长;并在2004年2月召开的北京市第十二屆人民代表大會第二次會議上,正式當選為北京市市长。在北京工作时,王岐山在处理与前任陈希同、贾庆林等留下的人马的关系上也相当圆熟;2006年6月,副市长刘志华贪污案也没有让他受到牵连。

 

进入中央

2007年10月,在中共第十七届一中全会上,王岐山当选为中央政治局委员;从而进入了中共领导层。同年11月29日,中共中央宣布王岐山不再兼任中共北京市委副书记、北京市市长职务。

 

在2008年3月举行的第十一届全国人大一次会议上,王岐山被任命为国务院副总理;在温家宝的第二届“内阁”中,主管金融和商贸工作,同时还负责质检工商管理、海关、旅游等工作。在当年9月国务院反垄断委员会成立后,王岐山又兼任该机构的负责人

 

资料来源

 

 

ENG:

 

Wang Qishan (Chinese: 王岐山; pinyin: Wáng Qíshān; born July 1948) is a politician in the People's Republic of China who currently serves as Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and Vice-Premier in charge of economic, energy and financial affairs under premier Wen Jiabao. Previously Wang served in regional positions in Hainan and Beijing. He was elected to the 17th Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China, became a member of 18th Politburo Standing Committee and was elected Vice-Premier in March 2008.

 

Life and career

Wang Qishan was born in Qingdao, Shandong, but his ancestral hometown is considered Tianzhen, Shanxi. Wang graduated from the History Department of Northwest University in 1976. Wang was the Governor of the China Construction Bank from 1994 to 1997. He first took over from Meng Xuenong when SARS struck Beijing in spring 2003, at which time he was the Party Secretary in Hainan, and was confirmed as mayor in early 2004. From 2004-2007, Wang served as the Mayor of Beijing. He is known to be frank and responsible. In a recent City Management Radio programme, listeners were astonished to hear the mayor apologize. In 2007, he became a member of the Politboro of the 17th CPC Central Committee, a member of the 17th CPC Central Committee and in 2008 he became Vice Premier of the State Council.

 

In 2009, Wang was appointed by President Hu Jintao as his special representative to chair the Economic Track of the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue for the Chinese side. Wang was named as one of the most influential people in the world in the 2009 Time 100 list.

 

Personal life

U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Henry Paulson said that Wang is "decisive and inquisitive" and "an avid historian, enjoys philosophical debates and has a wicked sense of humor." Paulson writes, "He is a Chinese patriot, but he understands the U.S. and knows that each of our two countries benefits from the other's economic success. And he is bold — he takes on challenges, does things that have never been done before and succeeds. Wang managed the largest bankruptcy restructuring in China's history in 1998 and thereby prevented a banking crisis that could have crippled the country's growth."

 

In 2011, he was included in the 50 Most Influential ranking of Bloomberg Markets Magazine.

 

source

2013-01-28

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