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传记 贾庆林

> China > 政治家 > Communist Party of China (CPC) > Jia Qinglin
 贾庆林  贾庆林
 贾庆林
曾任中国共产党及中华人民共和国的主要领导人之一。 / Former senior leader of the People's Republic of China.
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贾庆林 传记

中文简介:贾庆林(1940年3月-),河北泊頭人,曾任中国共产党及中华人民共和国的主要领导人之一;河北工学院电力系毕业,高级工程师。1959年12月加入中国共产党;是第十五届至十七届中共中央政治局委员,第十六、十七届中共中央政治局常委。第十、十一届全国政协主席兼全国政协党组书记。

 

任职与分工

  • 中共中央政治局常委
  • 中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会主席、党组书记
  • 主持中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会常务委员会工作;
  • 主管统一战线工作,协助分管台湾工作,中央对台工作领导小组副组长。

 

工作经历

贾庆林早年曾先后在石家庄工业管理学校和河北工学院电力系学习。1962年大学毕业后,他被分配到第一机械工业部工作,并长期在重工业企业部门工作。进入“一机部”后,贾庆林曾历任设备成套总局技术员、团委副书记,办公厅政策研究室技术员,产品管理局负责人等职务。文革期间,他还曾被下放到“一机部”在江西奉新的五七干校劳动。值得注意的是,前中共中央总书记江泽民也曾长期在“一机部”及其下属单位工作。此外,和贾庆林几乎同时代的中共高级领导人,如李岚清、罗干、曾培炎等人,也都是从“一机部”转而日后进入中共政坛的。

改革开放以后,国务院成立了国家进出口管理委员会;贾庆林就被安排到这个委员会和“一机部”双重领导的中国机械设备进出口总公司担任总经理。1983年,他又出任太原重型机器厂的厂长。

 

进入政坛

贾庆林的人生转折发生在1985年。这一年,45岁的贾庆林由一家国有企业负责人的岗位上,被提拔为中共福建省委副书记。此后,他历任中共福建省委组织部部长、党校校长、省直机关工委书记,代省长、省长,省委书记等职。1995年,因前中共北京市委书记陈希同下台后,贾庆林获推荐,出任北京市市长;一年后,又接任市委书记的工作,并在中共十五届一中全会上,进入中共中央政治局。

贾庆林在2002年11月召开的中共十六届一中全会上,当选中共中央政治局常委,成为当时中共最高领导人之一。在次年3月召开的第十届全国政协一次会议上,他当选全国政协主席;并于2008年3月,获得连任。

 

负面报道

贾庆林曾前后在福建工作十一年。在他担任福建省主要领导工作时,正是厦门远华走私案案发的时候。

台灣中央通訊社称,赖昌星表示贾庆林在福建省任一把手时,他与贾庆林来往密切,并常收他送的礼物,但一直没有让贾庆林帮忙。贾庆林是否涉案,官方一直都没有作出回应,2000年贾庆林夫人林幼芳接受凤凰卫视专访时,亲口否认与厦门远华走私案有关,同时否认与贾庆林离婚的传闻。

 

来源

 

 

ENG: Jia Qinglin (born March 1940 in Botou, Hebei) was a senior leader of the People's Republic of China. He was the fourth ranking member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Chairman and Party secretary of the National Committee of the People's Political Consultative Conference. Jia's functions as the head of China's consultative legislative body are largely ceremonial in nature.

Earlier he had served as the CPC Party Chief in Fujian and Beijing.

 

Political career

An engineer by profession, and one of former General Secretary Jiang Zemin's trusted allies and protégés, Jia Qinglin's rise in the politburo is attributed to his relationship with Jiang. Jia served as the Party chief in Fujian in the early 1990s. He was later transferred to Beijing in 1996 to replace then Beijing Party-chief Chen Xitong who was arrested on corruption charges. Jia served as the acting Mayor, Mayor and Party Chief in Beijing, coming onto the national and international spotlight during the 50th Anniversary of PRC celebrations as the event's host.

 

At the national level

Because of his high local position and his ties with then-General Secretary Jiang Zemin, in November 2002 Jia became the fourth-ranking member of the 16th Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) of the Communist Party of China. Although his ceremonial role as the Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, a quasi-consultative upper house in China's political system, makes him fourth in the order of precedence, it is widely accepted that the position has very little power, perhaps the least amount of power in the nine PSC members. Jia Qinglin was the most senior Chinese official to attend the funeral of Zhao Ziyang. With the transition of authority to Hu Jintao in 2005, Jia appears to have been given the job of coordinating policy on Taiwan.

Jia was reelected to the 17th Politburo Standing Committee during the CPC 17th national congress, a move that analysts predicted partly because of Jia's loyalty to his patron, former party general secretary Jiang Zemin.

 

Career timeline

1956–1958: Student majoring in industrial enterprise planning at Shijiazhuang Industrial Management School.

1958–1962: Student majoring in electric motor and appliance design and manufacture of the Department of Electric Power of Hebei institution of Technology (now Hebei University of Technology).

1962–1969: Technician of the Complete Plant Bureau of the First Machine-Building Industry Ministry and deputy secretary of its CYLC organization.

1969–1971: Did manual work in the 7 May Cadre School of the First Machine-Building Industry Ministry in Fengxin County, Jiangxi Province.

1971–1973: Technician of the Policy Research Office of the General Office of the First Machine-Building Industry Ministry.

1973–1978: Chief of the Product Management Bureau of the First Ministry of Machine-building Industry.

1978–1983: General manager of China National Machinery and Equipment Import and Export Corporation.

1983–1985: Director of Taiyuan Heavy Machinery Plant and secretary of its Party committee.

1985–1986: Member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee and its deputy secretary.

1986–1988: Deputy secretary of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee and head of the Organization Department of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee.

1988–1990: Deputy secretary of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee, president of the Party School of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee and secretary of the Work Committee of Departments under the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee.

1990–1991: Deputy secretary of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee, deputy governor and acting governor of Fujian Province.

1991–1993: Deputy secretary of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee and governor of Fujian Province.

1993–1994: Secretary of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee and governor of Fujian Province.

1994–1996: Secretary of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee and chairman of the Standing Committee of the Fujian Provincial People's Congress.

1996–1997: Deputy secretary of the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee, vice-mayor, acting mayor and mayor of Beijing.

1997–1999: Member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, secretary of the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee and mayor of Beijing.

1999–2002: Member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and secretary of the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee.

2002–: Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

March 2003: Elected chairman of the 10th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

 

Source

 

 

March 20,2013

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