政治家和选举,投票自由和积极参与民主,为改变而投票全民投票在线
left right

> China > 政治家 > Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) > Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正  蔣中正 
蔣中正 
在20世纪是中国的政治家和军事家。 | Was a 20th-century Chinese political and military leader.
email

候选人简介: 

蔣中正

中文简介:

 

蔣中正(1887年10月31日-1975年4月5日)是中華民國政治家及軍事家,字介石幼名瑞元、譜名周泰、學名志清,後人尊稱蔣公。祖籍江蘇宜興,生於清代浙江奉化,逝世於台北士林官邸,历任黄埔军校校长、國民革命軍总司令、國民政府主席、行政院院長、國民政府軍事委員會委員長、中華民國特級上將、中國國民黨總裁、國民政府軍事委員會委員長、三民主義青年團團長、第二次世界大战同盟国中国战区最高統帥、中華民國總統等職。

 

蔣中正因受孫文賞識而崛起於民國政壇,在孫文去世後長期領導中國國民黨達半世紀;其於國民政府時代一直居於軍政要津,行憲後又連續擔任第一至五任中華民國總統長達27年,乃中國建立共和政體後第一位成功統一全國國家領導人,但其政治手腕備受爭議。其從政生涯橫跨北伐、訓政國共內戰、對日抗戰、行憲、民國政府敗退台灣及東西方冷戰,在中國近代史上有著重要地位。

 

资料来源:维基百科

 

 

ENG:

 

Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was a 20th-century Chinese political and military leader. He is known as Jiang Jieshi (蔣介石) or Jiang Zhongzheng (蔣中正) in Mandarin Chinese. Chiang was an influential member of the Kuomintang (KMT), or Nationalist Party, and was a close ally of Sun Yat-sen. He became the Commandant of the Kuomintang's Whampoa Military Academy, and took Sun's place as leader of the KMT when Sun died in 1925. In 1926, Chiang led the Northern Expedition to unify the country, becoming China's nominal leader. He served as Chairman of the National Military Council of the Nationalist government of the Republic of China (ROC) from 1928 to 1948. Chiang led China in the Second Sino-Japanese War, during which the Nationalist government's power severely weakened, but his prominence grew. Unlike Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek was socially conservative, promoting traditional Chinese culture in the New Life Movement and rejecting western democracy and the nationalist democratic socialism that Sun Yat-sen and some other members of the KMT embraced in favor of a nationalist authoritarian government.

 

Chiang's predecessor, Sun Yat-sen, was well-liked and respected by the Communists, but after Sun's death Chiang was not able to maintain good relations with the Communist Party of China (CPC). A major split between the Nationalists and Communists occurred in 1927; and, under Chiang's leadership, the Nationalists fought a nation-wide civil war against the Communists. After Japan invaded China in 1937, Chiang agreed to a temporary truce with the CPC. Despite some early cooperative military successes against Japan, by the time that the Japanese surrendered in 1945 neither the CPC nor the KMT trusted each other or were actively cooperating. After American-sponsored attempts to negotiate a coalition government failed in 1946, the Chinese Civil War resumed. The CPC defeated the Nationalists in 1949, forcing Chiang's government to retreat to Taiwan, where Chiang imposed martial law and persecuted people critical of his rule in a period known as the "White Terror". After evacuating to Taiwan, Chiang's government continued to declare its intention to retake mainland China. Chiang ruled the island securely as President of the Republic of China and General of the Kuomintang until his death in 1975. He ruled mainland China for 22 years, and Taiwan for 26 years.

 

source

20th October 09

updated: 2013-01-24

 

icon Chiang Kai-shek
icon Chiang Kai-shek
icon Chiang Kai-shek
icon Chiang Kai-shek
icon Chiang Kai-shek
icon Chiang Kai-shek

ElectionsMeter 不对评论的内容负责。请您参考发表该评论的用户和作者。任何在ElectionsMeter 发布的评论都有包含原始的作者名字。用户必须遵守关于著作权限的相关规定。请您参阅我们网站上公布的相关政策。 如果文本中包含错误,不正确的信息,要进行修改,或者您想完整填写您的个人资料,请与我们联系。 联系我们。.

 
load menu