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传记 李克强

> China > 政治家 > Communist Party of China (CPC) > Li Keqiang
  李克强   李克强
  李克强
现任中华人民共和国国务院总理兼任党组书记。/ Premier of the People's Republic of China and party secretary of the State Council.
总理
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候选人简介: 

李克强 传记

中文简介:李克强(1955年7月17日),中国安徽定远县人,中国共产党和中华人民共和国主要领导人之一,现任中华人民共和国国务院总理兼任党组书记、第十八届中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会委员(位列第二)。曾任中华人民共和国国务院副总理、国务院党组副书記;第十七届中共中央政治局常委(排名第七)。

 

生平 - 早年经历

李克强1955年7月17日生于安徽。

李克强是1977年中国恢复高考后的第一批北京大學法律系学生(即众所周知的“七七级”大学生),在北大上学期间,曾任北大学生会主席,毕业后在职获得经济学博士。

1974-1976年,安徽省凤阳县大庙公社东陵大队知青;1976-1978年,安徽省凤阳县大庙公社大庙大队党支部书记。

 

步入政界

李克強1976年加入中国共产党;1982年起先后担任北京大學團委書記、中國共青團中央書記處書記、全國青聯副主席。1993年至1998年任共青團中央書記處第一書記。1998年6月,任中共河南省委副书记;1998年7月,任河南省副省长、代省长;1999年2月,任河南省省长;2002年12月,任中共河南省委书记、省长;2003年1月,任河南省委书记、河南省人大常委会主任;2004年12月至2007年11月,任辽宁省委书记、辽宁省人大常委会主任。

 

进入中央

2007年10月在中共十七届一中全会上当选为中共中央政治局委员、中央政治局常务委员会委员,成為中國最高決策層之一。

2007年11月被任命为国务院党组副书记,中共中央财经领导小组副组长,为2008年第十一屆全國人大中接任排名第一的国务院副总理做准备。

2008年3月17日,李克强在十一屆全國人大一次會議第七次全體會議當選為国务院副总理。

中共第15屆至17屆中央委員,17屆中央政治局委員、常委。第8屆全國人大常委會委員。

2012年11月15日李克强连任中国共产党第十八届中央政治局常务委员会委员(位列第二,仅次于总书记习近平)。

2013年3月15日,第十二届全国人大会议上当选国务院总理。

 

家庭

父亲李奉三曾任安徽省凤阳县县长,安徽省蚌埠市中级人民法院院长,安徽省地方志办公室副主任。

哥哥李克平(同父异母),曾任安徽省計劃委員會副廳長。弟弟李克明现任国家烟草专卖局副局长。

另有一名哥哥李克和,两名姐姐李克珍、李晓晴。

妻子程虹是英语教授,任职于首都经济贸易大学。两人育有一女。

岳父程金瑞曾任共青團河南省委副書記,後調北京,任國務院扶貧開發辦公室顧問,為副部級幹部;岳母劉益清是新華社記者。

 

渊源

 

 

ENG: Li Keqiang (born 1 July 1955) is the Premier of the People's Republic of China and party secretary of the State Council. In his capacity as Premier, Li is China's head of government as well as the leading figure behind its economic policy. He is also the second ranked member of the CPC Politburo Standing Committee, the de facto highest decision-making body of the country. From 2008 to 2013 Li served as the Executive Vice-Premier under then-Premier Wen Jiabao. During this tenure, Li's official portfolio included economic development, price controls, finance, climate change, and macroeconomic management.

Li rose through the party ranks through the Communist Youth League. From 1998 to 2004, Li served as the Governor of Henan and the province's Party secretary, and then the Liaoning party secretary, an office that made him first-in-charge in that province. Li is a leading figure of the "fifth generation" (Xi-Li Administration) of Communist Party leadership.

 

Early life

Li Keqiang was born on 1 July 1955 in Dingyuan County, Anhui Province. His father was a local official in Anhui. Li graduated from high school in 1974, during the Cultural Revolution, and was sent for rural labour in Fengyang County, Anhui, where he eventually joined the Communist Party of China and made his way to becoming the party head of the local production team. He was awarded with the honour of Outstanding Individual in the Study of Mao Zedong Thought during this time.

He refused his father's offer of grooming him for the local county's party leadership and entered the School of Law at Peking University, where he received his LLB and became the Chairman of the University's Student Council. He would go on to acquire a PhD in Economics. In 1980 he became the Communist Youth League Secretary at Peking University. He entered the top leadership of the Communist Youth League (CYL) in 1982 as a member of its Secretariat, and has worked closely with current General Secretary Hu Jintao, who also rose through the ranks of the CYL, ever since. Li became the organization's General Secretary in 1993, and served until 1998. He is a representative member of the first generation to have risen from the CYL leadership.

 

Political career - Provincial tenures

Li became the youngest Chinese provincial governor in June 1998 when he was appointed Governor of Henan at the age of 43. According to provincial officials working with him at the time, Li refused to participate in any banquets or large fancy events not related to government activities. During his time as governor a public sense of his ‘bad luck’ grew due to the occurrence of three major fires in the province.

He is known to be outspoken, and led economic development in Henan, transforming the poor inland region into an attractive area for investment. Li did not spend time pursuing superficial projects. He trekked all regions of the province trying to search for a comprehensive solution to its growing problems. Henan jumped in national GDP rankings from 28th in the early 1990s to 18th in 2004, when Li left Henan. However, his government was relatively ineffective at curbing the HIV/AIDS epidemic that was affecting the province's rural areas.

He was transferred to work as the Party Chief in Liaoning in December 2004. In Liaoning he is known for the "Five-points to one Line" project, where he linked up Dalian and Dandong, as well as a series of other ports into a comprehensive network to improve trade flow.

 

National politics

By virtue of having been elevated to second in seniority on the newly constituted Standing Committee of the Politburo in November 2012, Li has been confirmed as the successor to Premier Wen. He is expected to become Premier of the State Council in March 2013.

Predictions he would eventually advance to the national level at the 17th Party Congress proved correct when he was elected to the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) in October 2007. He was succeeded in his provincial post by Governor Zhang Wenyue. Li has been touted as a possible successor to Hu Jintao, whose second term as General Secretary, expected to be his last, will end in 2012. At the 2008 National People's Congress, he was elected Vice-Premier, first in rank. This position makes it seem more likely that he will succeed Premier Wen Jiabao. As a result of this it is considered that he has lost out to Xi Jinping in the internal power struggle.

Since his ascendancy to the PSC, Li has taken on the most important portfolios in the Chinese government, ostensibly being groomed for his upcoming premiership. Li's first major appearance internationally was at the 2010 World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. The event was seen as an "acid test" for Li, whereby he succinctly presented China's long-term vision for development in front of world business and political leaders. In particular, Li briefed the WEF on China's commitment to sustainable development, green energy, decrease the income gap, and the modernization of key strategic industries.[5] While reiterating Beijing's commitment to peaceful development and its focus in increasing domestic demand in the face of external pressures during the global financial crisis, Li also warned against protectionism, saying "opening up can be both bilateral and multilateral... in this sense, one plus one is more often than not bigger than two." He also touched upon the importance of international development, and international financial reform. He called for a global governance structure that was "more reflective of the changes in the global political and economic landscape."

In February 2010, Li gave a speech to ministerial and provincial-level leaders about the importance of changing the economic structure of the country to be better poised for future growth. The speech was published with minor omissions in the 1 June issue of Qiushi, the Communist Party's political theory publication. Li said that China has come to a historical juncture whereby a change in the economic structure must take place for the country to continue its path of growth. Li particularly emphasized the need to boost domestic consumption, and said that urbanization is crucial in this phase. Li also emphasized that China should be moving towards a more middle class-oriented society with an "olive"-shaped wealth distribution, with the majority of the country's population and wealth belonging to the middle class.

He has also reiterated the importance of industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization in China in order to improve its competitiveness, food security, energy security, affordable housing and healthcare.

In August 2011, Li went on an official visit to Hong Kong, including a trip to the University of Hong Kong. The political sensitivities and heightened security surrounding the event resulted in the Hong Kong 818 incident, an event that caused controversy in the territory.

 

Premier

On 15 March 2013, Li Keqiang was elected by the 12th National People's Congress as Premier, the number two position of the Chinese government after President Xi Jinping. He replaced Wen Jiabao, who retired after serving two terms as premier. Of the nearly 3,000 legislators of the Congress, 2,940 voted for him, three against, and six abstained. He was elected for a five-year term, but is expected to serve two terms like his predecessor Wen. On 16 March, the Congress selected Zhang Gaoli, Liu Yandong, Wang Yang, and Ma Kai as vice premiers. He gave his first major speech March 17 at the conclusion of the National Peoples Congress, calling for frugality in government, a fairer distribution of income and continued economic reform.

 

Personal life

Li is married to Cheng Hong, a professor at Capital University of Economics and Business in Beijing. His father-in-law was once the vice-secretary of the Communist Youth League Central Committee.

 

Source

 

 

March 18,2013

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