劉慧卿議員，JP（The Hon. Emily Lau Wai-hing，1952年1月21日－），香港立法會議員（新界東選區），太平紳士，出生於香港，籍貫廣東南海。前綫的創立者和前任召集人，香港民主黨主席。自從她1991年首次當選立法局議員後，經常被視為立場強硬和毫不妥協，並且強烈批評中央政府和特區政府，與親建制派人士針鋒相對。但自從她2008年加入民主黨及2010年支持香港政制改革方案後，立場明顯軟化，因此被激進民主派批評立場有所妥協，現在經常被人民力量視為攻擊和批評的對象。
Emily Lau Wai-hing JP (Chinese:劉慧卿; born 21 January 1952, Hong Kong) is a Hong Kong politician and member of the Legislative Council in the geographical seat of New Territories East. She is chairwoman of Democratic Party.
Lau was the first woman to be directly elected into the Legislative Council (Legco), in September 1991, and has since been a full-time member of the Council, representing the geographical constituency of New Territories East (with the exception of the period July 1997 to 1998).
In 1996 Lau co-founded The Frontier, serving as its convenor and always its dominant figure, defending an assertive political platform within the democratic camp. In November 2008, The Frontier merged into the more mainstream Democratic Party and Lau immediately became one of its two vice-chairpersons. Four years later, on 16 December 2012, she was elected chairwoman, narrowly defeating vice-chairman Sin Chung-kai, by 149 votes to 133, becoming the first female leader of the party since its formation in 1994. For three months prior she had been acting chairperson of the party, following the resignation of Albert Ho, in the aftermath of the 2012 Legislative Council election.
Lau led The Frontier at the forefront of pressure on the government for early democratisation and was an outspoken critic on human rights and a number of other policy areas in the HKSAR; she was skeptical of the functioning of the "One country, two systems" principle. Beside pushing for tightened human rights protection, greater efforts on equal opportunities, and the establishment of a statutory right to access to information, she demanded a redraft of the Basic Law, Hong Kong's constitutional document, and democratisation in China. On the economy she supported legislation on fair trading, oppose importation of foreign labour, and called for a minimum wage.
After The Frontier merged into the Democratic Party in 2008, her earlier strident stance toward the Beijing Government and opposition to pro-Beijing supporters mellowed somewhat and was seen by some even to have been compromised.
On international issues, Lau is supportive of self-determination for Taiwan. In 2003, she and another legislator, James To of the Democratic Party, attended a seminar entitled "Hong Kong Under One Country, Two Systems" organised by a pro-Taiwan independence group headed by former ROC President Lee Teng-hui. Lau stated that "Taiwan's future should be determined by the Taiwan people themselves". Her subsequent refusal to explicitly recognise Taiwan as a part of the PRC during an interview again drew criticism from more conservative sectors of the Hong Kong society.
In June 2010, as vice-chairperson of Democratic Party, she voted with her party in favour of the government’s 2012 constitutional reform package, which included the party's late amendment – accepted by the Beijing government – to hold a popular vote for five new District Council functional constituencies.
5th November 08