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详情 中國共產黨

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 中國共產黨  中國共產黨
 中國共產黨
Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng - 中国共产党 | The Communist Party of China (CPC/CCP) is the founding and ruling political party of the PRC.
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候选人简介: 

中國共產黨

中文简介:

 

中国共产党,简称中共,成立於1921年7月,1949年10月至今為代表工人阶级领导工农联盟和统一战线,在中国大陆实行人民民主专政的中华人民共和国唯一执政党。

 

《中国共产党章程》将其自身表述为:“中国工人阶级的先锋队,同时是中国人民和中华民族的先锋队,是中国特色社会主义事业的领导核心,代表中国先进生产力的发展要求,代表中国先进文化的前进方向,代表中国最广大人民的根本利益。党的最高理想和最终目标是实现共产主义。”歷經多年國共內戰,中国共产党在中國大陸和绝大多数沿海岛屿取得全面胜利,率領中国人民解放軍打敗中华民国國軍,迫使中華民國政府退守台澎金馬,並在1949年於北京建立实行社会主义制度的中華人民共和國。

 

2010年底中國共產黨有黨員8026.9万名,為中國乃至全世界最大的政治團體。现任中共中央主要负责人,中央委员会总书记是習近平

 

中央委员会总书记: 习近平

中央政治局常委: 习近平、李克强、张德江 俞正声、刘云山、王岐山、张高丽

建立: 1921年7月1日 (建党纪念日), 1921年7月23日 (第一次全國代表大會)

意识形态: 马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、中国特色社会主义理论体系(鄧小平理論、三個代表、科學發展觀)

 

资料来源:维基百科

 

 

ENG:

 

The Communist Party of China (CPC), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Although nominally it exists alongside the United Front, a coalition of governing political parties, in practice, the CPC is the only party in the PRC, maintaining a unitary government and centralizing the state, military, and media. The legal power of the Communist Party is guaranteed by the national constitution, though due to the Party's Leninist roots, it stands above the law. The current party leader is Xi Jinping, who holds the title of General Secretary of the Central Committee.

 

Since becoming an institution of the state, aside from official commitment to communism and Marxism-Leninism, the party also has de facto unrecognized factions including consumerist and neoliberal figures including business people on the right who effectively support capitalism, as well as factions on the left that oppose the right in the party, and other factions.

 

The party was founded in July 1921 in Shanghai. After a lengthy civil war, the CPC defeated its primary rival, the Kuomintang (KMT), and assumed full control of mainland China by 1949. The Kuomintang retreated to the island of Taiwan, where it still remains to this day.

 

Both before and after the founding of the PRC, the CPC's history is defined by various power struggles and ideological battles, including destructive socio-political movements such as the Cultural Revolution. At first a conventional member of the international Communist movement, the CPC broke with its counterpart in the Soviet Union over ideological differences in the 1960s. The Communist Party's ideology was redefined under Deng Xiaoping to incorporate principles of market economics, and the corresponding reforms enabled rapid and sustained economic growth.

 

The CPC is the world's largest political party, claiming over 80 million members at the end of 2010 which constitutes about 6.0% of the total population of mainland China. The vast majority of military and civil officials are members of the Party. Since 1978, the Communist Party has attempted to institutionalize transitions of power and consolidate its internal structure. The modern party stresses unity and avoids public conflict while practicing a pragmatic and open democratic centralism within the party structure.

 

General Secretary: Xi Jinping

Politburo Standing Committee: Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, Zhang Gaoli

Founded: July 1, 1921 (1st Party Congress), August 1, 1920 (de facto)

Youth wings: Communist Youth League of China, Young Pioneers of China

Ideology: Marxism–Leninism Socialism with Chinese characteristics

 

source

12th Dec 08

updated: 2013-01-24

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